The latest version of the native Aspell/WIN32 port, including binaries, can be found at http://aspell.net/win32. This page has, unfortunately, not been updated for Aspell 0.60. If you are interested in updated the native port please let me know.
There are two basically different ways of building Aspell using GCC for WIN32: You can either use the Cygwin compiler, which will produce binaries that depend on the POSIX layer in cygwin1.dll. The other way is using MinGW GCC, those binaries use the native C runtime from Microsoft (MSVCRT.DLL).
This works exactly like on other POSIX compatible systems using the ‘./configure && make && make install’ cycle. Some versions of Cygwin GCC will fail to link, this is caused by an incorrect libstdc++.la in the /lib directory. After removing or renaming this file, the build progress should work (GCC-2.95 and GCC-3.x should work).
There are several different ways to build Aspell using MinGW. The easiest way is to use a Cygwin compiler but instruct it to build a native binary rather than a Cygwin one. To do this configure with:
./configure CFLAGS='-O2 -mno-cygwin' CXXFLAGS='-O2 -mno-cygwin'
You may also want to add the option --enable-win32-relocatable to use more windows friendly directories. See Win32-Directories. In this case configure with:
./configure CFLAGS='-O2 -mno-cygwin' CXXFLAGS='-O2 -mno-cygwin' --enable-win32-relocatable
It should also be possible to build Aspell using the MSYS environment. But this has not been very well tested. If building with MSYS do not add ‘CFLAGS …’ to configure.
It is also possible to build Aspell without Cygwin of MinGW by using the files in the win32/ subdirectory. However, these files have not been updated to work with Aspell 0.60. Thus the following instructions will not work without some effort. If you do get Aspell to compile this way please send me the updated files so that I can include them with the next release.
To compile Aspell with the MinGW
compiler, you will need at least GCC-3.2 (as shipped with MinGW-2.0.3)
and some GNU tools like
cp. The origin of
those tools doesn’t matter, it has shown to work with any tools from
MinGW/MSys, Cygwin or Linux. To build Aspell, move into the
win32 subdirectory and type ‘make’. You can enable some
additional build options by either commenting out the definitions at
the head of the Makefile or passing those values as environment
variables or at the
make command line. Following options
If set to "1", the binaries will include debugging information (resulting in a much bigger size).
Enter the path to the pdcurses library here, in order to get a nicer console interface (see below).
Enter the filename of MS lib.exe here, if you want to build libraries that can be imported from MS Visual C++.
If set to "1", Aspell will detect the prefix from the path where the DLL resides (see below for further details).
Sets a prefix to be used for cross compilation (e.g. /usr/local/bin/i586-mingw32msvc- to cross compile from Linux).
There are also a MinGW compilers available for Cygwin and Linux, both
versions are able to compile Aspell using the prebuilt
Makefile. While the Cygwin port automatically detects the
correct compiler, the Linux version depends on setting the
TARGET variable in the Makefile (or environment) to the
correct compiler prefix.
Other compilers may work. There is a patch for MS Visual C++ 6.0 available at ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/aspell, but it needs a lot of changes to the Aspell sources. It has also been reported that the Intel C++ compiler can be used for compilation.
In order to get the nice full screen interface when spell checking files, a curses implementation that does not require Cygwin is required. The PDCurses (http://pdcurses.sourceforge.net) implementation is known to work, other implementations may work however they have not been tested. See the previous section for information on specifying the location of the curses library and include file.
emacs) and will produce errors like ‘initscr() LINES=1 COLS=1: too small’. Use a non-curses version for those purposes.
If Aspell is configured with --enable-win32-relocatable or
compiled with WIN32_RELOCATABLE=1 when using a Makefile, it
can be run from any directory: it will set prefix
according to its install location (assuming it resides in
prefix\\bin). Your personal wordlists will be saved in
the prefix directory with their names changed from
.aspell.lang.* to lang.* (you can override
the path by setting the
HOME environment variable).
The installer registers the DLLs as shared libraries, you should increase the reference counter to avoid the libraries being uninstalled if your application still depends on them (and decrease it again when uninstalling your program). The reference counters are located under:
The install location and version numbers are stored under
The console uses a different encoding than GUI applications, changing this to to a Windows encoding (e.g. 1252) is not supported on Win9x/Me. On WinNT (and later) those codepages can be set by first changing the console font to ‘lucida console’, then changing the codepage using ‘chcp 1252’.
Some alternative shells (e.g. MSys’
rxvt or Cygwin’s
bash) do a codepage conversion (if correctly set up), so
running Aspell inside those shells might be a workaround for Win9x.